Mallorca properties in the northeast

The Northeast of Mallorca: Llevant

El noreste de Mallorca
El noreste de Mallorca: Llevant

Llevant means "East" and that is exactly where this landscape zone is located: in the east of the island. Here are the municipalities Capdepera, Manacor, Son Servera, Sant Llorenç des Cardassar and Artà.

In 2013, about 78,714 people lived here on an area of 579.31 square kilometers. The settlement history of the Llevant can be traced back to the end of the 2nd millennium BC. Of particular historical importance is the settlement of Ses Païsses, a Bronze Age excavation site of the Talayotic culture, which dominated the western Mediterranean, including the Balearic Islands, between the 13th and 2nd centuries B.C. and is characterised by its buildings, above all towers, built in large stone (Cyclopean masonry). Ses Païsses is located southeast of Artà. How old the settlement exactly is, could not be determined so far, but the finds prove a settlement of about 1000 to 100 B.C. At least as important and therefore not to be embezzled, is the settlement Capocorb Vell, which is to be dated approximately in the same time. It is located south of <Llucmajor and is one of the best restored Talayotic settlements in the Balearic Islands.

Nature reserve Llevant (Cap Ferrutx)
View from the nature reserve Llevant (Cap Ferrutx)
View from the church of San Salvador in Artá
San Salvador, Artá
San Salvador in Artá
View from the church of San Salvador in Artá

The landscape of Llevant is characterised by numerous mountains and hills, sandy beaches, cliffs and agricultural land. The flora of the (mostly bare) gentle hills is very diverse and Mediterranean, so bush formations of broom or mastic alternate with tree heath, wild olive trees, pines and pines. Lavender and rosemary are also common. In each valley the Garigue can be observed, while in the higher trains dwarf palms and Gissgrass are predominant.

The northeast of Llevant is famous for its beaches and bays, which are partly afflicted by mass tourism. Examples are Cala Rajada or Cala Millor. The west of the landscape zone is mainly used for agriculture. The climate in the Llevant region is Mediterranean, which means short and mild but very humid winters and hot and dry summers. Already in January the first almond blossoms bloom in the valleys, in March then the remaining fruit trees, until in May the dry period is introduced. During this time it can get up to 40 °C hot, which usually causes the vegetation to dry out. Autumn begins in September with a sultry climate, when it gets pleasant and cooler in October, when it starts to rain from time to time and the country turns green again. In winter it rarely gets colder than 10 °C, but sometimes it can snow. The inhabitants of Llevant know their winds very well and have even named some mountains and valleys after them. Nine winds are particularly important for the region, especially the east wind Llevant, which is quite warm in summer but can also reach hurricane force in winter.

Many culinary specialities come from the Llevant landscape zone.

One example is Ensaïmades, a typical snail-shaped pastry that can only be baked from regional products from certified manufacturers. Most of these manufacturers are located in Llevant. The same applies to the producers of Sobrassada, a sausage speciality made from dried minced pork. On the coast of the Llevant region there is also a lot of sea fennel, which is an essential part of Mallorcan cuisine. The Llevant is also a very good wine-growing area and one of the largest liqueur producers on the island is located here, the company Moya in Artà. The region is not exactly known for its large-scale industry, but there are nevertheless important gravel plants, pearl production and two concrete block factories. The main source of income for Llevant is tourism with 75 % of the gross national product. 8 % is provided by the construction industry and only 3.5 % by agriculture.

The Parc natural de la península de Llevant, which was declared a nature reserve in autumn 2001, covers an area of approximately 21,500 hectares full of beautiful bays and unspoilt mountains. Many peregrine falcons, booted eagles and coral gulls call this area their home and also the population of turtles is the largest of the whole island. Other top attractions in the region include the stalactite cave systems of the Coves del Drac ("Dragon Caves") to the east, south of Porto Cristo or the Archaeological Ethnographic Museum of Manacor in the 14th century tower Torre dels Enagistes. In the eastern city Artà you can visit a multitude of churches and monasteries, among others the late Gothic parish church Transfiguració del Senyor, the baroque Franciscan monastery Sant Antoni de Pàdua or the impressive pilgrimage church Sant Salvador. There is also a stalactite cave, numerous beaches, a small museum and a library as well as remains of Talayotic settlements. In the small town of Capdepera, more caves and the famous Castell de Capdepera, a 13th century fortress, await their explorers.

The agricultural centre of Llevant is the municipality Manacor, where the main attractions next to the Torre dels Enagistes are the 17th/18th century Dominican monastery of Sant Vicenç Ferrer, the neo-gothic church Nostra Senyora dels Dolors and the exhibition halls of the second pearl factory. The small town of Son Severa also has three churches and some beautiful beaches, and in Sant Llorenç des Cardassar (San Lorenzo) there is a Talayotic village and a 17th century fortified tower.